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UNDERSTANDING GPA AND CGPA CALCULATION, 2 , 3 UNITS COURSES AND ELECTIVE COURSES AND COURSE REGISTRATION PROCEDURE
One system that most jambitos may never understand fully or come to terms with even after their graduation is the Course Registration system, 2, 3 units and elective courses also, GPA and cGPA calculation.
Understanding course units viz 2 units,3 units and elective courses.
Courses are assigned varying units because of the volume of work required to complete that course. It may be contact hours, practicals, Lectures and tutorials.
In most schools in Nigeria, Tuition fee payment is closely followed by course registration. While most systems are now automated, it is the duty of the course or level adviser to handout a manual course registration form and explain in details to the students on how to go about registering courses, re taking a failed course, GPA and cGPA calculation.
Lets take a typical case scenario, a 100 level student at his/her first semester has a maximum number of course units she/he can offer. Take 23units for example.
I that particular semester, the student cannot register more than 23 units with core courses and electives Inclusive.
First Semester 100 level she offers:
Bot 101 3 units
Chem 111 2 units
ZOO 101 3 units
Mth 102 2 units
GST 101 2 units
GST 102 2 UNITS
Chem 102 3 units
MTHS 112 2 UNITS
PHY 102 3 UNITS
Total = 22 units
The units above are called core courses they can be represented by 2c, 3c.etc
CORE COURSES ARE COMPULSORY COURSES THAT A STUDENT MUST PASS BEFORE HE OR SHE CAN BE A GRADUATE OF A PARTICULAR UNIVERSITY OR SCHOOL AS THE CASE MAY BE.
FOR instance, if the students fails GST 101 above, he will continue to re write it even at a higher level till he passes it.
On the other hand, Elective course can be represented by 2E, 3 E , E et.c
UNLIKE CORE COURSES, ELECTIVE COURSES ARE NOT COMPULSORY. ALTHOUGH IMPORTANT, IT DOES NOT AFFECT A STUDENTS GRADUATION TIME IF FAILED RATHER, IT AFFECTS A STUDENT’S RESULT DEPENDING ON THE ELECTIVE COURSE UNITS THAT WERE REGISTERED.
Great care should be taking when selecting Elective courses.
GRADE POINT AVERAGE OR GPA
IN MOST SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA , THE GRADING SYSTEM IS:
• A (70-100%) – 5
• B (60-69%) – 4
• C (50-59%) – 3
• D (45-49%) – 2
• E (40-44%) – 1
• F (0-39%) – 0
USING the example of that 100 level student above, lets say she/he scored an A in every course for that semester.
For Bot 101 which is a three unit course= 3× 5(A above)= 15
,, CHEM 111 2 UNITS ,,,,, =2×5= 10
,,,,,, ZOO 101 3 units ,,,!,,,,,,, =3×5=15
Mth 102 2 units ,,,,, =2×5= 10
GST 101 2 units ,,,,, =2×5= 10
GST 102 2 UNITS ,,,,, =2×5= 10
Chem 102 3 units ,,,!,,,,,,, =3×5=15
MTHS 112 2 UNITS ,,,, =2×5= 10
PHY 102 3 UNITS ,,,!,,,,,,, =3×5=15
Total credit unit after examination= 110
Therefore, GPA= TOTAL CREDIT UNITS AFTER EXAMINATION DIVIDED BY TOTAL COURSE UNIT AT REGISTRATION .
I.e= 110/ 22= 5.0
That means the student has a GPA equivalent to first class according to the system below.
• First Class: 4.50 and above
• Second Class Upper: 3.50-4.49
• Second Class Lower: 2.50-3.49
• Third Class: 1.50-2.49
This why, 3 unit courses are to be focused on. Because it greatly affect the grade point average GPA if failed.5 divided by 2 is 2 point, but 5 divided by 3 is 1point.
cGPA or CUMULATIVE GRADE POINT AVERAGE
cGPA on the other hand, is the summation of Total credit units from all semester examinations divided by total units registered from all sessions. It also ranges between 0 and 5.0
Miscellaneous Notes on the Course Unit System
• Withdrawal from the University
A student whose CGPA falls below 1.0 at the end of a semester shall be placed on probation during the following semester. If he/she fails to achieve a CGPA of at least 1.0 at the end of that semester, he/she shall be required to withdraw from the University.
Final Assessment and Class of Degree: A student who has satisfactorily completed all requirements for the degree with CGPA of not less than 1.50 may be awarded an Honour degree as follows:
First Class: 4.50 and above
Second Class Upper: 3.50-4.49
Second Class Lower: 2.50-3.49
Third Class: 1.50-2.49
A candidate who does not reach a CGPA of 1.50 but whose CGPA is not less than 1.00 at the end of the programme is awarded a pass degree [i.e. without Honours].
It remains to be seen if the newly announced NUC GRADING SYSTEM will be effected.
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