CAREFULLY HANDPICKED CHEMISTRY QUESTIONS THAT MAY LIKELY AND POSSIBLY COME OUT PLUS AREA OF CONCENTRATIONS FOR JAMB CHEMISTRY CBT EXAMINATION 2018.
While the exact questions cannot be predicted with certainty, a wild guess is possible and often times it proves to be more valuable.
Going with the trend in recent years in the JAMB Chemistry examination, we were able to come out with these questions. So sit back, practice them, feel free to consult a text book if you are unable to figure the answer.
Also contained in this post are valuable area of concentration for the JAMB 2018 CBT chemistry examination.
1. Sodium chloride may be obtained from brine by A. titration B. decantation C. distillation D. evaporation E. sublimation.
2. 20cm3 of hydrogen gas are sparked with 20cm3 of oxygen gas in an eudiometer at 373K (100oC) and 1 at atmosphere. The resulting mixture is cooled to 298 K (25oC) and passed over calcium chloride. The volume of the residual gas is A. 40cm3 B. 20cm3 C. 30cm3 D. 10cm3 E. 5 cm3.
3. Which of the following conducts electricity? A. Sulphur B. Graphite C. Diamond D. Red phosphorus E. Yellow phosphorus.
4. An organic compound contains 72% carbon 12% hydrogen and 16% oxygen by mass. The empirical formula of the compound is A. C6H22O3 B. C6H10O3 C. C12H12O D. C6H12O E. C3CH10 ( H= 1, C = 12, O= 16).
5. 0.499 of CuSO4.xH2O when heated to constant weight gave a residue of 0.346 g. The value of x is A. 0.5 B. 2.0 C. 3.0 D. 4.0 E. 5.0. (Cu = 63.5, S = 32.0 O = 16, H = 1).
6. Hydrogen diffuses through a porous plug A. at the same rate as oxygen B. at a slower rare than oxygen C. twice as fast as oxygen D. three times as fast as oxygen E. four times as fast as oxygen.
7. If the molar mass of X is 36 g, the number of moles of X dissolved at 343 is A. 0.2 moles B. 0.7 moles C. 1.5 moles D. 2.0 moles E. 3.0 moles.
8. Hydrogen diffuses through a porous plug A. at the same rate as oxygen B. at a slower rare than oxygen C. twice as fast as oxygen D. three times as fast as oxygen E. four times as fast as oxygen.
9. A certain volume of a gas at 298K is heated such that its volume and pressure are now four times the original values. What is the new temperature? A. 18.6 K B. 100.0 K C. 298.0 K D. 1192.0 K E. 47689.0 K.
10. A correct electrochemical series can be obtained from K, Na, Ca, Al, Mg, Zn, Fe, Pb, H, Cu, Hg, Ag, Au by interchanging A. Al and Mg B. Zn and Fe C. Zn and Pb D. Pb and H E. Au and Hg.
11. The boiling points of water, ethanol, toluene and button-2-ol are 373.OK, 351.3K, 383.6 K and 372.5 K respectively. Which liquid has the highest vapour pressure at 323.0K? A. water B. Toluene C. Ethanol D. Butan-2-ol E. None.
12. 2MnO4- + 10Cl- + 16H + ’! 2Mn2+ + 5Cl2 + 8H2O. which of the substances serves as an oxidizing agent? A. Mn2+ B. ClC. H2O D. MnO4 E. Cl2.
13. which of the following metals will displace iron from a solution of iron(11) tetraoxosulphate(1V)? A. copper B. mercury C. silver D. Zinc E. Gold.
14. Complete hydrogenation of ethyne yields A. benzene B. methane C. ethene D. propane E. Ethane.
15. What is the formula of sodium gallate if gallium (Ga) shows an oxidation number of +3. A. NaGaO3 B. Na2G(OH)2 C. NaGa(OH)3 D. NaGa (OH)4 E. NaGaO.
16. Complete hydrogenation of ethyne yields A. benzene B. methane C. ethene D. propane E. Ethane.
17. Which of the following is used in the manufacture of bleaching powder? A. sulphur dioxide B. chlorine C. hydrogen tetraoxosulphate D. hydrogen sulphide E. nitrogen dioxide.
18. Tetraoxosulphate (V1) ions are finally tested using A. acidified silver nitrate B. acidified barium chloride C. lime – water D. dilute hydrochloric acid E. acidified lead nitrate.
19. Mixing of aqueous solution of barium hydroxide and sodium tetraoxocarbonate(1V) yields a white precipitate of A. barium oxide B. sodium tetraoxocarbonate(1V) C. sodium, oxide D. sodium hydroxide E. barium tetraoxocarbonate.
20. An organic compound decolorized acidified KMnC4 solution but failed to react with ammoniacal silver nitrate solution. The organic compound is likely to be. A. a carbonxyllic acicd B. an alkane C. an alkene D. an alkyne E. an alkanone.
21. Solid sodium hydroxide on exposure to air absorbs a gas and ultimately gives another alkaline substance with the molecular formula. A. NaOH.H2O B. NaOH.N2 C. Na2CO3 D. NaHCO3 E. NaNO3.
22. The neutralization reaction between NaOH solution and nitrogen (1V) oxide (NO2) produces water and A. NaNO2 and NaNO3 B. NaNO3 and HNO3 C. NaNO2 D. NaNO3 E. NaN2O3.
23. Which of the following substances is the most abundant in the universe? A. Carbon B. Air C. Water D. Oxygen E. Hydrogen.
24. Addition of dilute hydrochloric acid to an aqueous solution of a crystalline salt yielded a yellow precipitate and a gas which turned dichromate paper green. The crystalline salt was probably A. Na2SO4 B. Na2S C. NaS2O3.5H2O D. NaCO3 E. NaHCO3.
25. The process involved in the conversion of an oil into margarine is known as A. hydrogenation B. condensation C. hydrolysis D. dehydration E. cracking.
26. Compound X is A. an alkene B. an alkane C. an alkyne D. tetra chloromethane E. Dichloromethane.
27. Which of the following roles does sodium chloride play in soap preparation? It A. reacts with glycerol B. purifies the soap C. accelerates the decomposition of the fat and oil D. separates the soap form the glycerol E. converts the fat acid to its sodium salt.
28. The atomic number of an element whose caution, X2+, has the ground state electronic configuration is Is22s22P63s22p6 is A. 16 B. 18 C. 20 D. 22 E. 24.
29. Which of the following sulphides is insoluble in dilute HCl? A. Na2S B. ZnS C. CuS D. FeS.
30. When chlorine is passes into water and subsequently exposed to sunlight, the gas evolved is A. HCl B. HOCl C. O2 D. Cl2O2.
31. Which of the following compounds would give lilac fame coloration and a white precipitate with acidified barium chloride solution? A. KCl B. NaNO3 C. K2SO D. CaSO4.
32. When ethanol is heated with excess concentrated sulphuric acid, the ethanol is A. oxidized to ethene B. polymerized to polyethene C. dehydrated to ethene D. dehydrated to ethyne.
33. How will a metal X, which reacts explosively with air and with dilute acids be best extracted from its ores? A. Electrolysis of the solution of its salt B. Decomposition of its oxide C. Displacement from solution by an alkali metal D. Electrolysis of fused salt.
34. Which of the following are made by the process of polymerization? A. Nylon and soap B. Nylon and rubber C. Soap and butaneD. Margarine and Nylon.
35. Which of the following is used as an‘anti-knock’ in automobile engines? A. Tetramethyl silane B. Lead tetra-ethyl C. Glycerol D. N-heptanes.
36. Starch can converted to ethyl alcohol by A. distillation B. fermentation C. isomerization D. cracking.
37. What reaction takes place when palm-oil is added to potash and foams are observed? A. Neutralization B. Saponification C. Etherification D. Salting-out.
38. In the purification of town water supply, alum is used principally to . A. kill bacteria B. control the pH of water C. improve the taste of the water D. coagulate small particles of mud.
39. Oil spillage in ponds and creeks can be cleaned up by A. burning off the oil layer B. spraying with detergent C. dispersal with compressed air D. spraying with hot water.
40. Which of the following substances has the lowest vapour density? A. Ethanoic acid B. Propanol C. Dichlomethane D. Ethanal [O = 16, Cl = 35.5, H =1, C = 12].
41. In which of the following pairs of elements is allotropy exhibited by each element? A. Phosphorus and hydrogen B. Oxygen and chlorine C. Sulphur and nitrogen D. Oxygen and sulphur.
42. ethanol reacts with aqueous sodium mono-oxoio date(1) to gives a bright yellow solid with a characteristic smell. The products is A. trichlomethane B. ftriiodomethane C. iodoethane D. ethanol
43. Stainless steel is an alloy of A. iron, carbon and silver B. ironm carbon and lead C. iron, carbon and chromium D. iron and carbon only.
44. Corrosion is exhibited by. A. iron only B. electropositive metals C. metals below hydrogen in the electrochemical series D. all metals.
45. Some products of destructive distillation of coal are A. carbon (iV) oxide and ethanoic acid B. trioxocarbonate (lV) acid and methanoic acid C. producer gas and water gas D. coke and ammonia liquor.
46. Gunpowder is made from charcoal, sulphur and potassium trioxonirate (V). The salt in the mixture performs the function of A. an oxidant B. a reductant C. a solvent D. a catalyst.
47. The reaction between ethanoic acid and sodium hydroxide is an example of A. esterification B. neutralization C. hydrosylation D. hydrolysis.
48. The bond which joins two ethanoic acid molecules in the liquid state is A. a covalent bond B. an ionic bond C. a dative covalent bond D. a hydrogen bond.
49. The product of the thermal decomposition of ammonium trioxonirate (V) are. A. NO2 and oxygen B. NH3 and oxygen C. nitrogen and water D. N2O and water.
50. The alkaline hydrolysis of fats and oils produces soap and A. propane 1, 1, 3-triol B. propane – 1, 3, 3-triol C. propane-1-2-2-triol D. propane-1-2-3-triol.
51. A metal is extracted for, its ore by the electrolysis of tits molten chlorine and it displace lead from lead (ll) trioxonirate(V) solution. The metal is A. copper B. aluminium C. zinc D. sodium.
52. Which of the following is a physical change?
53. The bubbling of chlorine into water B. The bubbling of chlorine into jar containing hydrogen C. The dissolution of sodium chlorine in water D. The passing of steam over heated iron.
54. Which of the following terms indicates the number of bonds that can be formed by atom? A. Oxidation number B. Valence C. Atomic number D. Electronegativity.
55. The effluent of an industrial plant used ins the electrolysis of concentrated brine, with a flowing mercury cathode may contain impurities like. A. oxygen B. hydrogen C. mercury (ll) chloride D. hydrogen chloride.
56. Smoke consists of A. solid particles dispersed in liquid B. solid or liquid particles dispersed in gas C. gas or liquid particles dispersed in liquid D. liquid particles dispersed in liquid.
57. Which of the following gases can be collected by upward displacement of air? A. NO B. H2 C. NH3 D. Cl2.
58. The label on a reagent bottle containing a clear organic liquid dropped off. The liquid was neutral to litmus and gave a colourless gas with metallic sodium. The liquid must be an A. alkanoate B. alkene C. alkanol D. alkane.
59. The major component of the slag from the production of iron is A. an alloy of calcium and iron B. coke C. impure ion E. calcium trioxosilicate (V).
AREA OF CONCENTRATION FOR CHEMISTRY JAMB 2018 CBT
- Separation of mixtures and purification of chemical substances
- Kinetic theory of matter and Gas Laws
- Atomic structure and bonding
- Metals and their compounds
- ORGANIC CHEMISTRY